La Peste

La Peste hebergeur dimageherbergeur d image h bergement gratuit heberger une imageH bergeur d images 400 D If you lived in an ordinary community quite unexpectedly facing an existential stress test, what would you do How would you deal with the situation, and which character traits of yours would all of a sudden come to the surface How would you treat your friends, neighbours and fellow citizens What would you do to change the situation These questions have been haunting me ever since I first read La Peste in school, over two decades ago I have reread it since then, with the same fascination, and with growing compassion and understanding for the less heroic characters and their fears and petty actions To me, it is a masterpiece, one of the great examples of timeless world literature As a student, even though I was worrying just as much about exam questions, French vocabulary and grammar difficulties as about the message, I felt that I finally grasped the totalitarian systems of the 20th century, and their strange morbid attraction despite or because of their absolute negativity I asked myself to what extent I would have remained human facing the terror of the rats and their invisible, yet deadly load.One thing, though, remained completely unthinkable to me as a young adolescent, despite the horror of the reading experience, and the sincere sympathy for the generations of Europeans that had experienced societies worse than plague ridden I thought it COULD NOT happen again Not here, not in Western civilisation, not with our KNOWLEDGE Being an adolescent in Germany in the mid 1990s, I was convinced that walls were breaking down, that democracy was on the rise, that human rights and welfare were secure goods, and that the world was beyond the plague of totalitarian, all consuming ideas spreading like wildfire like a plague befalling a whole community C est impossible, tout le monde sait qu elle a disparu de l Occident In a way, I was in the situation of doctor Rieux at the very beginning of the story, convinced that the plague was completely gone But Rieux, narrator and participant in the story, documenting his own private worries along with the catastrophe of the spreading plague, has to choose between sticking to his ideas or to accept the evidence he witnesses Chronicling the development of his community in crisis, as well as actively working to help those stricken with the plague, he slowly but steadily grows as a human being and realises that nothing is actually ever GONE Even in the end, when people are celebrating their survival of the epidemic, in drunken happiness forgetting all their losses, their suffering, their fears and pain, he stays vigilant For he has learned something beyond the lesson of the immediate crisis coutant, en effet, les cris d all gresse qui montaient de la ville, Rieux se souvenait que cette all gresse tait toujours menac e Car il savait ce que cette foule en joie ignorait, et qu on peut lire dans les livres, que le bacille de la peste ne meurt ni ne dispara t jamais, qu il peut rester pendant des dizaines d ann es endormi dans les meubles et le linge, qu il attend patiemment dans les chambres, les caves, les malles, les mouchoirs et les paperasses, et que, peut tre, le jour viendrait o , pour le malheur et l enseignement des hommes, la peste r veillerait ses rats et les enverrait mourir dans une cit heureuse What would you do if you saw those rats Who would you choose to be It is time to dig out the masterpieces of existential questions again, I think Knowledge of the different facets of human nature under stress can never be overestimated as a means to choose wisely, should your town be stricken unexpectedly by a plague I wish I knew for sure I would make a decent appearance in Camus scenario But fear is powerful 559 La Peste The Plague, Albert CamusThe Plague French La Peste is a novel by Albert Camus, published in 1947, that tells the story of a plague sweeping the French Algerian city of Oran It asks a number of questions relating to the nature of destiny and the human condition The characters in the book, ranging from doctors to vacationers to fugitives, all help to show the effects the plague has on a populace The Plague is considered an existentialist classic despite Camus objection to the label The narrative tone is similar to Kafka s, especially in The Trial whose individual sentences potentially have multiple meanings, the material often pointedly resonating as stark allegory of phenomenal consciousness and the human condition 1974 1340 140 20 1345 300 1348 1360 436 1370 1375 341 9644481400 1388 9789644481413 1392 418 1389 327 9789642575800 152 1388 343 978964531125 1393 1389 216 9789643742775 1393 287 9786005906998 This was as much an existentialist tract as it was a book about the descent of a town into plague, the gradient of the decline increasing exponentially until they reach the pit There it is death and smoke and groans and every bit the imagined hell of those with a religious consciousness.But the plague has no relationship to religion The innocent die as much as the guilty Shady people are sly by night, criminals escape justice, the great and the good die in their beds, the plague is the great equalizer This is an atheist world where nothing has rhyme or reason and blaming it on fate or an angry deity or questioning why the deities have ignored the supplicants increasing praises, appeals and desperate petitions is futile Even they see it is pointless and in the end the comforting rituals of death and consignment of the remains have mostly been abandoned The plague strikes almost all and those whom it leaves, aren t special in any way.Pacing is not something I tend to notice in a novel, but I did in this one, it is outstanding The pacing matches the descent in hell and the recovery into sunlight and a brisk sea air absolutely perfectly At the end, after all the pain and darkness I felt relieved and refreshed, an unusual feeling for the end of a book.5 stars, golden ones. 3.5 stars that a loveless world is a dead world, and always there comes an hour when one is weary of prisons, of one s work, and of devotion to duty, and all one craves for is a loved face, the warmth and wonder of a loving heart Well this book about human resilience in the face of horror sickness plague was WORK for me I found myself having to read and re read sections as this book is not just a book but a social, political, philosophical commentary I found myself thinking huh what did the narrator just say What did he mean Plus, there is the question about the identity of the narratorread to find out The book begins as a plague is sweeping Oran, a coastal town in North Africa First rats then humans begin dying and the town decides to quarantine the town by isolating it from the outside world Many of the characters are cut off from those they love The characters in this book range from Dr Rieux, to vacationers and fugitives As the townspeople try to survive, the book shows us their resilience, their suffering, their compassion, their banning together, and their thoughts on love and life Whew This was not a book, I was able to dig into and power read It did take some time as the book is deep. I read The Plague right after reading Swann s Way Of course it wasn t a deliberate move But as I moved on, I realized that reading of The Plague had rendered something quite remarkable in the way I realized and appreciated both works Both works embody a reality Swann s Way speaks of the reality that is long gone by and one wish to remember and cherish, whereas, The Plague makes oneacutely aware of the bleakness of actual reality when imposed through an epidemic such as plague This book speaks of the things that are, rather than things that were Swann s way had left me completely mesmerized, longing for the bygones But The Plague left me assessing the actual approach which governs human beings when faced with discomforts in life.The first thing that strikes in the work is the avoidance of acceptance of pestilence on the part of people of the town of Oran Albert says, Pestilence is in fact very common, but we find it hard to believe in a pestilence when it descends upon us There have been as many plagues in the world as there have been wars, yet plagues and wars always find people equally unprepared He further adds that because pestilence doesn t have human dimensions, people refuse to believe it, thinking of it as a bad dream which would end soon Perhaps people do not wish to accept its onset, for the reason that they have far greater faith in life itself But when they have to, it results in utter misery on their part The beauty of the work lies in the depiction of different approaches adopted by different individuals during plague Whereas some people engage in serving the disease ridden, some try to makemoney by smuggling liquor and other desired goods Some people are melancholic, whereas some try to find happiness in between What I found further intriguing, were the words Camus employed to express the thoughts conveyed by the Priest, as regarding religion and God during Plague Consider these two addresses delivered by Father Paneloux one, at the beginning of the epidemic and the other, after months of suffering.First one starts as My brethren, a calamity has befallen you my brethren, you have deserved it Since the beginning of history, the scourge of God has brought down the proud and the blind beneath His feet Think of this and fall on your knees Second one ends as My brethren, the love of God is a difficult love It assumes a total abandonment of oneself and contempt for one s person But it alone can wipe away the suffering and death of children, it alone makes them necessary because it is impossible to understand such things, so we have no alternative except to desire them This is the faith cruel in the eyes of man, decisive in the eyes of God which we must try to reach We must try to make ourselves equal to this awful image In the first address, the Priest is so certain about the ways of God, but the second address clearly depicts the vagueness, as the consequence of severe sufferings due to pestilence How little does religion God matters when humanity faces such pandemic Camus has skilfully captured the inner tumult which the Priest went through while coming to terms with the harsh reality The reading was quite overpowering It was further augmented by the reference to Bois de Boulogne at some places during the narration Grand, an aid to Rieux, read the first line of his writing to Rieux What was beautiful was the effect it created, producing in mind the consequence of anxiety and the desperation to escape.Rieux was listening at the same time to a sort of vague humming sound in the town, as if replying to the whistling flail of the Plague At this particular moment he had an extraordinary acute perception of the town spread out at his feet, the enclosed world that it formed and the dreadful cries stifled in its night He heard Grand s muffled voice On a fine morning in the month of May, an elegant woman was riding a magnificent sorrel mare through the flowered avenues of the Bois de Boulogne I think that Camus, who is touted as an absurdist for his writings on the subject, has very profoundly articulated the idea of absurd through this writing as well The idea that he presented in The Myth of Sisyphus, that of the need to seek clarity and meaning within a world which offers neither, has been expressed in these lines for me All that a man could win in the game of plague and life was knowledge and memory Perhaps that was what Tarrou called winning the game But if that is what it meant to win the game, how hard it must be to live only with what one knows and what one remembers, and deprived of what one hopes. Ah, si fuera un temblor de tierra Una buena sacudida y no se habla m s del caso Se cuentan los muertos y los vivos y asunto concluido Mientras que esta porquer a de peste Hasta los que no la tienen parecen llevarla en el coraz n.Muchos coincidir n conmigo de que La Peste es una de las mejores novelas que se han escrito en el siglo XX El nivel de realismo alcanzado por Albert Camus es sorprendente y para ello se vale de muchos recursos, todos ellos efectivos y en ning n caso utilizado como golpe bajo A partir de los primeros s ntomas de la enfermedad, de la se al de las ratas que emergen de las profundidades para morir, de la propagaci n de la enfermedad en los primeros humanos y del reinado destructivo de la peste, el lector no tiene descanso, m s all de encontrarse con muchos pasajes de di logo, puesto que siente la misma presi n que los ciudadanos de Or n, con el peso de la espada de Dam cles sobre sus hombros.Y es que la peste no da respiro ni concesiones No discrimina, no es selectiva No le importan las clases sociales, las edades ni las jerarqu as Ataca, infecta y mata r pidamente Sin piedad ni miramientos La ciudad comienza a cambiar sus h bitos en forma dr stica y lo que otrora se viv a como normalidad ahora es parte de los dominios de la peste Y esta es la nueva cotidianeidad en Or n Todo est detenido, las calles est n desiertas, negras, sombr as y los ciudadanos condenados a un futuro gris e incierto Las fronteras est n cerradas, los comercios con sus persianas bajas, la gente recluida en sus casas y los edificios p blicos convertidos en hospitales de campa a Las cuarentenas son obligatorias y a causa de esto, los familiares enfermos son separados r pidamente de los sanos, quienes no vuelven a verlos mientras dure la peste y es obvio que todo va mellando el esp ritu del oranense.El cronista nos relata la vida de los personajes principales, sobre todo la del doctor Bernard Rieux, el gran batallador contra la peste y tambi n de algunos de sus colaboradores como Jean Tarrou el personaje de costado m s filos fico del libro , Cottard, Joseph Grand, el periodista Raymond Rambert, el doctor Castel y el padre Paneloux.Para no develar mucho acerca de estos personajes s lo voy a comentar que el doctor Rieux y Tarrou, ambos amigos y confidentes adentrada la historia son los personajes que m s me han impactado La estoica actitud de Rieux ante el avance de la epidemia, poco creyente en Dios y sobrepasado hasta el agotamiento a causa de su lucha contra la peste es sostenida por los pensamientos profundos de Tarrou en donde la moral, la religi n y el absurdo se transforman en gran parte de la trama de la historia y van de la mano de todos los personajes, pero haciendo hincapi en Tarrou, Cottard y el padre Paneloux.Respecto de ste ltimo, durante el momento m s lgido de la peste, el padre Paneloux brinda un serm n sentido realmente que relaciono al que pronuncia el padre Mapple en el libro Moby Dick cuando anticipa a los fieles los peligros del mar y pone en juego la fe de los hombres en Dios a trav s de la par bola de Jon s y la ballena La similitud entre ambos sermones es estrecha, porque en ambos se le pide a los hombres aceptar la voluntad de Dios, pero se llega un punto en que el menos creyente de los fieles iguala al m s ac rrimo ateo Y tampoco es este el nico momento en que Camus realiza saltos intertextuales en la novela La situaci n en que se encuentran los ciudadanos de Or n a merced de la peste le da la posibilidad de exponer distintos puntos de vista existenciales propugnado a partir de la diversidad de sus personajes.Cabe destacar tambi n el gui o que le hace a uno de sus autores preferidos, Franz Kafka, cuando a modo de homenaje a la novela El Proceso , Cottard comentaNo es ese mi caso, pero estaba leyendo esa novela Ah tienen a un desgraciado a quien detienen, de pronto, una ma ana Estaban ocup ndose de l y l no lo sab a Estaban hablando de l en los despachos, inscribiendo su nombre en fichas Cree usted que esto es justo Cree usted que hay derecho a hacerle eso a un hombre .Lo absurdo del juicio se relaciona de alguna manera con la peste Los seres humanos son vapuleados como hojas en un vendaval de la misma manera que K en la novela de Kafka Todo es arbitrario para la peste, porque ella hace lo que quiere.En otro pasaje y sin nombrarlo expresamente, hace referencia a Mersault, su famoso personaje de El ExtranjeroEn medio de una conversaci n, la vendedora le hab a hablado de un proceso reciente que hab a hecho mucho ruido en Argel Se trataba de un joven empleado que hab a matado a un rabe en la playa. M s all de las formalidades de la novela, siempre hay margen para conectar con otros costados de la literatura y esas son cosas que me agrada mucho encontrar en las novelas cuando las leo.La moral se resquebraja, la peste no da tregua y los hombres, simples mortales, luego de la preocupaci n inicial, pasan del p nico, al paroxismo y la aceptaci n de sus realidades hasta desembocar en una apat a constante, como entregados a sus destinos Comienzan a dudar de Dios, ponen todo en un plano de disconformidad, descreen de que haya un fin cercano para la epidemia Hasta el mismo Paneloux flaquea Otro cura admite queCuando un cura consulta a un m dico, hay contradicci n.Esa frase me record una de mi padre quien no era creyente para nada y supo decirme alguna vezYo siempre voy a confiar m s en un hombre vestido de blanco que en uno vestido de negro.En cierta manera ambas frases dejan al descubierto lo que los hombres se plantean ante una epidemia que no amaina y que destruye todo a su paso Es muy dif cil mantener la moral ante tanta muerte circundante Pero como dice un viejo refr n, Dios aprieta pero no ahorca y las cosas, a n trat ndose de la peste, comenzar n a cambiar De todos modos, aqu me detengo No es mi idea contar nada acerca del final para aquellos lectores que deseen leer esta gran novela de Camus que nos plantea tantos desaf os a los seres humanos, quienes ante las situaciones m s extremas somos puestos a prueba La fe, lo existencial, las relaciones humanas, los sentimientos y Dios son algunos de los puntos claves que Albert Camus toca para hacernos pensar que tan fr giles somos y sobre todo con qu rapidez pueden nuestras vidas cambiar a partir de un hecho crucial, sea una peste, un desastre natural o una guerra Pero aunque a veces no lo parezca la respuesta est siempre en nosotros mismos No les parece Ah, death it s always there, isn t it It is a terrible fate, doomed upon us all, that could take place at any time, in millions of different ways The Jews who witnessed the holocaust are aware of this The people of Haiti know this The mother who lost her only child in a car accident is aware of this Most individuals and groups of individuals spend their days fighting the fact of death, lying to themselves, using clever ways to avoid its ever present reality Looking death in its cold, indiscriminating eye, is perhaps the most difficult thing one can do But the result from doing so when taken with time is a clear eyed vision of the world we live in the result of which is an inner strength of which few know But for those that have candidly looked into the eye of death for those that keep its hard reality within their awareness there is a wisdom and depth that emanates The people of Camus Oran formerly thoughtless, happy citizens that were, like many of us now, going about their merry ways not knowing how lucky they truly were become stricken by the plague It is a rotten disease full of physical suffering, spreading rapidly, unceasingly that causes the town s citizens to be quarantined within the town No getting out There they must go on, trying to cope and survive some while kept away from their loved ones who are outside Oran s walls all, while surrounded by the constant death of their peers The Plague is much about death, but it s also about how we choose to live Do we live like the people of Oran, going through each day without truly thinking, taking things for granted, going through the motions in an ignorant, opiated stupor Or do we look death and by extension, life in the eye, taking nothing for granted, noticing and appreciating our complexities and gifts, endeavoring for truth, and striving to be good people No matter how painful and difficult, do we face reality with courage Do we overcome Are we striving to be true heroes to others and to ourselves There are fates worse than death Like living life half heartedly, without truth, without passion Without conviction Without sacrifice And without love. A Gripping Tale Of Human Unrelieved Horror, Of Survival And Resilience, And Of The Ways In Which Humankind Confronts Death, The Plague Is At Once A Masterfully Crafted Novel, Eloquently Understated And Epic In Scope, And A Parable Of Ageless Moral Resonance, Profoundly Relevant To Our Times In Oran, A Coastal Town In North Africa, The Plague Begins As A Series Of Portents, Unheeded By The People It Gradually Becomes An Omnipresent Reality, Obliterating All Traces Of The Past And Driving Its Victims To Almost Unearthly Extremes Of Suffering, Madness, And Compassion

Albert Camus 1913 1960 was a representative of non metropolitan French literature His origin in Algeria and his experiences there in the thirties were dominating influences in his thought and work Of semi proletarian parents, early attached to intellectual circles of strongly revolutionary tendencies, with a deep interest in philosophy only chance prevented him from pursuing a university care

[Reading] ➼ La Peste ➲ Albert Camus – Uc0.info
  • Paperback
  • 308 pages
  • La Peste
  • Albert Camus
  • English
  • 19 June 2019

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